Volume 4 ; Issue 2 ; in Month : December (2020) Article No : 130
Danish A

Objective: To determine the prevalence of acute abdomen admission and their frequency according to age and sex in general surgery ward of Aliabad teaching Hospital. Patients and method: This retrospective descriptive study was performed by reviewing medical records (In-patient file) of 299 patients who admitted with diagnosis of acute abdomen between March 21, 2018 and March 21, 2019 in general surgery ward of Aliabad Teaching Hospital. Results: There were 176 males (58,7%) and 123 females (41,3%), male to female ratio being 1,14:1. The mean age was 36,5 (±1,09) years and the age range was 15-94 years. Highest number of patients were in 1524 years of life (n=122, 40,8%). The most frequent cause was found to be acute appendicitis for acute abdomen accounting for 57,5% of total admission. It was followed by acute intestinal obstruction (20,7%) and acute cholecystitis (10,4%). Median age of presentation of acute appendicitis was 23 years. Median age of presentation for acute cholecystitis was 47 years. Male to female ratios in the most common cause like acute appendicitis, intestinal obstruction and acute cholecystitis were 1.5:1, 1.8:1, 0.6:1, respectively. Conclusion: Acute abdomen more common in age group of 15-24 years followed by 25-34 years. Male has higher prevalence of acute abdomen when compared to female with exception of acute cholecystitis. The most common cause of acute abdomen was acute appendicitis.

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